Archaeologists in Israel have unearthed the remains of a 2,100-year-old farm whose owners probably abandoned it suddenly to avoid an impending military invasion. In an authentic “time capsule”, the farm is observed “frozen”: everything remains intact as it was when its owners left from one moment to the next.
A group of researchers from the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) discovered an ancient farm “frozen” in time, in the Galilee area. They identified an agricultural exploitation occupied during the Hellenistic era, around the second century BC, which was abruptly abandoned for a reason not yet confirmed: all the tools and elements remained for more than 2,100 years in the same place where their owners left them when they left. .
Escaping certain death?
The discovery took place unexpectedly, during a series of excavations related to a pipeline that carries desalinated water to the Sea of Galilee: in addition to the aforementioned farm, specialists led by archaeologist Amani Abu-Hamid discovered remains of a farming community that would have previously occupied the same location, specifically during the Iron Age.
According to an article published in Live Science, archaeologists have not yet been able to determine who occupied the property when it was abandoned, but it is possible that they were subjects of the Seleucid Empire, successor to the Empire of Alexander the Great.
Its inhabitants would have escaped an invasion by the forces of the Hasmonean Kingdom, an independent Jewish kingdom that had its settlement south of Jerusalem. According to historical sources, in the period in which the farm was abandoned, the Hasmonean Kingdom of Judea expanded into Galilee: it is possible that the farm was abandoned as a result of these war events, these researchers consider.
Excavators discovered ancient storage jars still intact on the site, as well as weights for weaving looms on a shelf: all indications are that the occupants of the agricultural site they left from one moment to anotherescaping from a situation that put their lives at risk or threatened their freedom.
In addition to finding all kinds of tools and artifacts for agricultural work Made of iron, the researchers identified other typical items of the time, including coins, a candle and everyday accessories.
History indicates that before the rise of the Hasmonean Kingdom, the Seleucids (a Hellenistic empire) ruled southern Judea as an “associated” kingdom: many Jews had returned there from exile in Babylon and were allowed to practice their religion and develop their culture, although they added many Hellenistic features to the Jewish culture of the time .
But as an article published in The Times of Israel expresses, the discoveries related to the reality of the second century before Christ they “overlap” with other much older finds: Remains of a settlement that existed on the same site, including building foundations and ceramic vessels, appear to date to the 9th and 10th centuries BC. Archaeologists found the ancient farm at a site called Horbat Assad, east of the Sea of Galilee.