Home Sciences A giant crater is forming in Siberia due to global warming

A giant crater is forming in Siberia due to global warming


The global warming that the Earth suffers is not only noticeable in the melting of the poles, but also in the radical transformation of extensive forest landscapes. This is what is happening in Yakut, in Eastern Siberia, in Russia. Over there a gigantic crater is forming, known as the Batagaika crater, which is already a kilometer long and 100 meters deep. It is devouring an extensive wooded area and its origin is none other than the melting of the permafrost (frozen ground) in which it is found.

The crater was found a few years ago by a group of hikers and shows how quickly a process of this magnitude can be triggered, since the crater isis growing at a rate of 20 or 30 meters each yearaccording to scientists.

In this region of Siberia, the land has been permanently frozen since the Quaternary Ice Age, 2.58 million years ago, but global warming is melting it and taking with it everything that grows on its surface. The heat melts the permafrost and causes the land to give way, collapse and all kinds of accidents appear geological: caves, mounds, slopes and other deformations, due to the liquid that begins to circulate in these places.

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The origin of the Batagaika crater dates back to the 1960s, when massive felling of the forest in the area was carried out. This, as explained by the specialist in geology and mineralogy Vladímer Sivorotkin, favored the sinking of the land thirty years later. However, what accelerated this situation was global warming and the constant rise in temperatures. It is a process that continues today and it is not ruled out that similar craters may exist in other areas of the vast Siberian region.

This open crater, however, is also a source of data for geologists and paleontologists, since it has uncovered layers of soil that are between 120,000 and 650,000 years old. Fully intact 42,000-year-old foal discovered

As it formed, the crater has uncovered the remains of ancient trees and animals. An expedition conducted in 2018 by Northeastern Federal University and Kindai University (Japan) found a fully preserved baby horse. The colt was approximately 42,000 years old and kept both its hair and its internal organs intact.. Scientists were even able to extract liquid blood from the animal’s body.

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This finding led them to suppose that this region, now inhospitable, was densely populated in the past.

The natives of the region call this place “the gate of hell” and consider it the entrance to the underworld.

But the melting of the great crater is not over. If it continues to increase in size at the rate of 20 or 30 meters a year, it will end up devouring everything around it until it stabilizes. However, it is not known when such a thing will happen, as global warming continues.

That is why scientists have warned that global warming could cause more formations of this type not only in Siberia, but throughout the world, at least in those soils dominated by permafrost, susceptible to melting and radically transforming its surface.


Environment section contact: crisisclimatica@prensaiberica.es

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